Malaysia is an exotic destination with special landscapes, a paradise for relaxation, a great choice for a dream vacation. Here you can meet wild islands, spend an unforgettable holiday in a lush resort, safari in national parks to see rhinos and tigers, or trekking in the jungle to see the orangutans and Proboscis monkeys.
Capital: Kuala Lumpur
Location: Southeastern Asia, peninsula bordering Thailand and northern one-third of the island of Borneo, bordering Indonesia, Brunei, and the South China Sea, south of Vietnam
Main towns: George Town of Penang, Ipoh, Johor Bahru, Malacca City, Kota Kinabalu, Kuantan, Alor Setar, Tawau, Sandakan
Currency: Ringgit – MYR
Tipping: The general rule is that in Malaysia, you are not expected to tip. However, if you offer one, it will not be refused. Tipping is not required, and a service charge is usually included in the price. You can tip RM 2-10 per bag to the porter, RM 2-10 for room service and RM 2-10 per day for the housekeeper, if you want. However, this is not expected, nor required. Some hotels, mostly higher end, will encourage tipping for the porter and for room service.
Voltage: Network parameters: 240 V / 50 Hz; G socket is used, you need adapters.
Malaysia, one of the richest countries in South Asia, offers a diversity of culture and landscapes. From the gleaming skyscrapers in the hyper-modern Malaysian towns to the virgin forests inside the country, Malaysia includes South Asia in all its variety. The country is a cultural mosaic of the Malay, Chinese, Indian and indigenous tribes but also religious by adopting Buddhist and Hindu beliefs long before Arab merchants introduced Islam.
Regardless of the period you choose to visit Malaysia, you will generally have sunny and warm days. It is best to avoid the wet season from November to January, if you want to enjoy a stay at the beach on the east coast. Generally, temperatures do not fall below 20 ° C throughout the year.
It is good to allocate a little time after arrival to accommodate the climate of the area and avoid walking around the middle of the day. The rainy season is especially felt in the eastern peninsula, with a monsoon climate, while in the west the rain reaches a peak between September and December. As a rule rains appear suddenly, they are short and strong, with a torential character; the possibility of having an entire rainy day is reduced. Climate is equatorial, with warm weather throughout the year, marked by the southwest monsoon from April to October and the northeastern, from October to February.
Temperatures in low areas vary between 21 ° C and 32 ° C. High regions show slightly lower temperatures between 15 ° C and 25 ° C. The northeastern mushroom brings moisture and abundant rain, especially in Borneo and eastern Malaysia. Heavy rains may sometimes cause floods to develop.
For a long time, Kuala Lumpur was just a small village with bamboo huts infested by malaria. The city grew with the exploitation of tin deposits, to become, in 1896, the capital of federal Malaysian states. The first impression that the traveler is visiting today is the city of a green, modern and civilized city, in a continuous development.
Located on the island of Borneo, the Gunung Mulu National Park, interesting both through its biodiversity and the richness of karst formations, is one of the most studied tropical areas in the world. The name of the park comes from Mount Mulu, the highest in this area – 2,376 meters. The park includes 17 vegetation areas with more than 3500 plant species. Also in the park are 80 mammalian species, 270 bird species, 131 reptile and amphibian species, about 48 species of fish, 20,000 species of invertebrates and over 20 species of bats; many of the flora and fauna species are typical of the island of Borneo.
The Cameron Highlands hilly area is located northwest of Pahang about 85 km from Ipoh and about 200 km from Kuala Lumpur, owning an area of 71200 ha. The area is crossed by water courses interrupted by cascades – from place to place among the hills small villages are found; the spot’s main cities are Ringlet, Tanah Rata and Brinchang. The name of the area was given in honor of William Cameron, a representative of the British colonial government that mapped Malaysia.
The Langkawi archipelago, consisting of 104 islands spanned on an area of 47,848 ha, is located in the Andaman Sea, about 30 km northwest of the Malaysian coast, separated from it by the Strait of Malacca. The largest of the islands is Pulau Langkawi, having the status of duty free territory. In June 2007, UNESCO attributed to Langkawi the name Geoparc World. The symbol of the archipelago is helangkawi (Malay Eagle).
Penang Island it’s the fourth largest island of the Malay Archipelago and it is interconnected with the main island via the Penang Bridge (between Gelugor and Perai points). Penang belonged to the Kedah Sultanate, and later was a British dominion when the area was occupied by the English East Indies Company. Since July 2008, the administrative residence of the island – George Town has been included in the UNESCO Universal Heritage List due to unqualified cultural and architectural heritage in south-east Asia.